Thai, Southern


A language of Thailand

Alternate Names
Dambro, Pak Tai, Pak Thai, Paktay

L1 users: 4,500,000 (2006 Mahidol University).


Surat Thani, Chumphon, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Songkhla, Phatthalung, Ranong, Phangnga, Phuket, Krabi, Trang, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Pattani, Yala, and Satun provinces; Muslim Thai dialect.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in southeasternmost 15 provinces.


Tak Bai (Tai Tak Bai), Thai Malay (Tai Islam). A group of dialects more distantly related to other Tai languages. Border dialects are quite distinct from others.

Language Use

81% use Southern Thai in the home, Muslim Tai (Thai Malay) speak only Southern Thai. All ages. Also use Thai [tha]. Used as L2 by Kensiu [kns], Moklen [mkm], Ten’edn [tnz].

Language Development
Read Central Thai. Dictionary. Bible portions: 2000.

Thai script [Thai].

Other Comments

Buddhist, Muslim.

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