L1 users: 6,340,000 (2013 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 8,485,306.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2006, Constitution, Article 10(1)).
Shtokavski (Stokavian), Torlakian. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs].
SVO; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial; 1 suffix; case determines subject, object; obligatory verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject, object, other noun phrase; passive for each tense, not commonly used today; causatives marked by separate words; comparatives marked by prefix; CCVCVC; nontonal.