A language of India

Alternate Names
Himachali, Pahari, Sirmouri, Sirmuri

400,000 (2005 SIL).


Himachal Pradesh, Sirmaur district, Shimla district, southeast section.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Dharthi (Giriwari), Giripari. Difficult intelligibility between Dharthi and Giripari; and between Upper Mahasui and Giripar. Dharthi dialect more influenced by Hindi. In south Shimla District, Kiunthali and Sirmauri are used interchangeably. Reportedly a different variety of Sirmauri in Sirmaur District. Lexical similarity: 56%–70% with Dharthi and Giripari, with considerable variation within each dialect; Giripari 67% with Lower Mahasui, 65% with Upper Mahasui, 61% with Jaunsari [jns].

Language Use

Home, village. Positive attitudes. Also use Hindi [hin].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 60% for Sirmaur District (2001 census). Newspapers. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Grammar.

Devanagari script [Deva]. Takri (Tankri, Takari) script [Takr], special variety used informally (Masica 1991).

Other Comments

Dharthi is spoken in Giriwar area, Giripari in Giripar area. Hindu.

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