Sama, Balangingih


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Baangingi’, Balanguingui, Bangingi, Bangingih Sama, Northern Sama, Northern Sinama, Sama Baangingi, Samal, Sinama Baangingi
Bangingih, Sama Bangingih

80,000 in Philippines (2007). Total users in all countries: 85,000.


Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao: Sulu and Basilan provinces; Zamboanga Peninsula region: coast peninsula, islands. Central Luzon region: White Beach near Subic bay (Northern Sama dialect); Zamboanga Peninsula region: Zamboanga Sibugay province, Olutangga island (Lutangan dialect).

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Lutangan (Lutango), Sibuco-Vitali (Sibuku), Sibuguey (Batuan), Balangingi, Daongdung, Kabinga’an. Most Lutangan understand Bangingih Sama, the prestige dialect. Intelligibility of Central Sama [sml] 71%, 83% of Lutangan, 85% of Sibuco-Vitali. Lexical similarity: 77% with Lutangan, 75% with Sibuco-Vitali.


SVO to introduce a topic, thereafter VSO; prepositions; gender not marked; ergative; nontonal; CVC, CV, VC; 17 consonant phonemes and 5 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, community. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Chavacano [cbk], English [eng], Filipino [fil], Tausug [tsg].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 40%–45%. Most urban men are literate. Literature. Videos. NT: 2008.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], plans for future development using this script. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Balangingi is the prestige dialect of Northern Sama. Muslim.

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