Sama, Balangingih

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A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Baangingi’, Balanguingui, Bangingi, Bangingih Sama, Northern Sama, Sama Bangingih, Samal
Population

80,000 in Philippines (2007).

Location

Western Mindanao, Sulu archipelago northeast of Jolo, Zamboanga coast peninsula and islands and Basilan island. Northern Sama dialect: Luzon, White Beach near Subic bay; Lutangan dialect: Olutangga island. Possibly on Luzon and Palawan. Also in Malaysia.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Balangingi, Daongdung, Kabinga’an, Lutangan (Lutango), Sibuco-Vitali (Sibuku), Sibuguey (Batuan). Most Lutangan understand Bangingih Sama, the prestige dialect. Intelligibility of Central Sama [sml] 71%, 83% of Lutangan, 85% of Sibuco-Vitali. Lexical similarity: 77% with Lutangan, 75% with Sibuco-Vitali.

Typology

SVO to introduce a topic, thereafter VSO; prepositions; gender not marked; ergative; nontonal; CVC, CV, VC; 17 consonant phonemes and 5 vowel phonemes

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Tausug [tsg], Chavacano [cbk], English [eng], or Filipino [fil].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 40%–45%. Most urban men are literate. Videos. Grammar. Bible portions: 1979–2009.
Writing
Arabic script, plans for future development using this script. Latin script.
Other Comments

Balangingi is the prestige dialect of Northern Sama. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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