Sama, Balangingih

Print

A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Baangingi’, Balanguingui, Bangingi, Bangingih Sama, Northern Sama, Northern Sinama, Sama Baangingi, Samal, Sinama Baangingi
Autonym
Bangingih, Sama Bangingih
Population

80,000 in Philippines (2007). Total users in all countries: 85,000.

Location

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao: Sulu and Basilan provinces; Zamboanga Peninsula region: coast peninsula, islands. Central Luzon region: White Beach near Subic bay (Northern Sama dialect); Zamboanga Peninsula region: Zamboanga Sibugay province, Olutangga island (Lutangan dialect).

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Lutangan (Lutango), Sibuco-Vitali (Sibuku), Sibuguey (Batuan), Balangingi, Daongdung, Kabinga’an. Most Lutangan understand Bangingih Sama, the prestige dialect. Intelligibility of Central Sama [sml] 71%, 83% of Lutangan, 85% of Sibuco-Vitali. Lexical similarity: 77% with Lutangan, 75% with Sibuco-Vitali.

Typology

SVO to introduce a topic, thereafter VSO; prepositions; gender not marked; ergative; nontonal; CVC, CV, VC; 17 consonant phonemes and 5 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, community. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Chavacano [cbk], English [eng], Filipino [fil], Tausug [tsg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 40%–45%. Most urban men are literate. Literature. Videos. NT: 2008.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], plans for future development using this script. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Balangingi is the prestige dialect of Northern Sama. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: