Subanen, Northern


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Northern Subaanen, Tuboy Subanon

85,400 (2010 SIL), increasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 85,400.


CALABARZON region: Rizal province, Disoy; Siayan municipality, Dumugok; Negros Island region: Negros Oriental province, La Libertad; Northern Mindanao region: Misamis Occidental province, Jose Dalman Manukan (Linay and Pangandaw), Manuel A. Roxas, and Polanco municipalities; Zamboanga Peninsula region: Zamboanga del Norte province, Mutia and Sergio Osmeña, and Sibutad municipalities, inland from Dipolog and Dapitan cities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Dapitan, Salog (Salug), Dikayu, Miatan, Piyau. 63% intelligibility of Central Subanen [syb], 40% of Southern Subanen [laa]. Lexical similarity: 87% with Central Subanen [syb].

Language Use

Home, church, community, group discussion. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Most also use Cebuano [ceb], acquired through intermarriage, community, school, travel, and some homes and churches.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 86%. Literacy rate in L2: 86%. Few local grade schools. Grammar. Texts. NT: 2011.


Latin script [Latn], used since 1991.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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