Tepehuan, Southeastern


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
O’dam, Tepehuán del Sureste, Tepehuano

10,600 (2005 census).


Durango state: Mezquital municipality, Santa María Ocotán; Nayarit state: some in northeast.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 78% intelligibility of Southwestern Tepehuan [tla].


VSO, VOS; long words, affixes, clitics; nontonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Learned by Durango Nahuatl [azn] speakers due to intermarriage. Their children usually speak both languages. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa]. Used as L2 by Eastern Durango Nahuatl [azd].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 15%–20%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Taught in primary schools. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2008.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Santa María Ocotán is cultural and religious center. Migrate to the Pacific coast for temporary labor in the spring. Christian, traditional religion.

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