Salish, Straits


A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Malchosen, Northern Straits Salish, Sooke, Straits, T’Sou-ke

107 in Canada, all users. L1 users: 7 in Canada (FPCC 2014). 100 semi-speakers (FPCC 2014). L2 users: 100. Ethnic population: 3,060 (FPCC 2014). Total users in all countries: 112 (as L1: 12; as L2: 100).


British Columbia province: Vancouver Island.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of recognized indigenous peoples: Esquimalt, Pauquachin, Semiahmoo, Songhees, T’Sou-ke, Tsartlip, Tsawout, Tseycum.


Saanich (Senčoten), Semiahmoo, Songish (Lekwungen, Lkwungen).

Language Use

Ts’ooke, Semiahmoo, and Songish dialects have no remaining speakers. Shifting to English [eng]. Ceremonies, tribal identity. Elderly only. All also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 100%. Literacy rate high among L1 speakers. Dictionary. Grammar.

Also spoken in:

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