Subanon, Western


A language of Philippines

Subanon, Western

Alternate Names
Language Maps

125,000 (2011 SIL).


Mindanao, Zamboanga del Norte Province facing Sulu sea, from Labason town to southern border, mostly inland, on western slopes, Zamboanga Peninsula; Zamboanga Sibugay Province, Ipil, Rosseler T Lim, and Tungawan municipalities, eastern slopes of peninsula.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Siocon, Western Kolibugan (Western Kalibugan). Lexical similarity: 89% between Siocon and Western Kolibugan dialects.


VSO; prepositions; genitives after noun heads; articles, adjectives, and numerals before noun heads; relatives before noun heads, and relatives without noun heads; question word in sentence-initial position; 2 maximum prefixes, 3 maximum suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects and indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; affixes do not indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixes mark number; ergativity; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV, CCVV, CVVC; nontonal.

Language Use

All ages.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 39%. Literacy rate in L2: 39%. Multilingual education pilot program. Poetry. NT: 1996.

Latin script [Latn].

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