A language of India


20,000 (2011 SIL).


Arunachal Pradesh state: East Kameng, Kurung Kumey, Papumpare, and Lower Subansiri districts, along Par river, 53 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a* (Vigorous).


None known. A divergent language which may not be Sino-Tibetan but possibly Austro-Asiatic. Intelligible of Bugun [bgg] (Chowdhury 1996). Burling (2003) groups it with Sherdukpen [sdp] and Bugun; possibly also with Lish [lsh] and Sartang [onp]. Lexical similarity: 54%–67% between varieties; 57%–68% with Chug [cvg]; less than 15% with Bugun [bgg] and Nyishi [njz].

Language Use

Home, village. Positive attitudes. All also use Nyishi [njz]. Some also use Assamese [asm], Hindi [hin].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 2%. Dictionary.


Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng]. Devanagari script [Deva]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

A satellite relationship to Nyishi and Bangni peoples, bonded economically. A Scheduled Tribe in India. Claim kinship with the Khoa or Bugun. Traditional religion, Christian, Hindu.

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