1,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo. L2 users: 9,100,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo (1991 UBS). Total users in all countries: 9,101,000 (as L1: 1,000; as L2: 9,100,000).
Widespread in Katanga, Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu, and Maniema provinces; southeast Orientale province.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in eastern regions (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).
Ituri Kingwana, Lualaba Kingwana, Katanga Swahili, Kivu Swahili. Kingwana is a pidgin Swahili which functions sociolinguistically as a dialect. There are several regional dialects, with that of the formerly Arabized areas reportedly being most similar to Swahili of Kenya and Tanzania. Lexical similarity: 30% with Lingala [lin] and with the Lega group; 15%–20% with Bira-Huku group, Bali [bcp], and Lika [lik]. A member of macrolanguage Swahili [swa].
Latin script [Latn].