9,101,000 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, all users. L1 users: 1,000. L2 users: 9,100,000 (1991 UBS). Total users in all countries: 9,101,000 (as L1: 1,000; as L2: 9,100,000).
Widespread in Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami, Ituri, Lualaba, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu, and Tanganyika provinces.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in eastern regions (2006, Constitution, Article 1(8)).
Ituri Kingwana, Lualaba Kingwana, Katanga Swahili, Kivu Swahili. Kingwana is a pidgin Swahili which functions sociolinguistically as a dialect. There are several regional dialects, with that of the formerly Arabized areas reportedly being most similar to Swahili of Kenya and Tanzania. Lexical similarity: 30% with Lingala [lin] and with the Lega group; 15%–20% with Bira-Huku group, Bali [bcp], and Lika [lik]. A member of macrolanguage Swahili [swa].
Used as L2 by Alur [alz], Bali [bcp], Bendi [bct], Bera [brf], Bhele [bhy], Bila [bip], Budu [buu], Fuliiru [flr], Kakwa [keo], Kango [kzy], Komo [kmw], Lega-Mwenga [lgm], Lendu [led], Lengola [lej], Lese [les], Lika [lik], Lugbara [lgg], Mangbetu [mdj], Mba [mfc], Ndaka [ndk], Ndo [ndp], Nyali [nlj], Nyanga [nyj], Talinga-Bwisi [tlj], Zimba [zmb].
Latin script [Latn].