300,000 (Bradley 2007b). Ethnic population: 407,000 (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 300,120.
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: Nandan, and Rongshui counties; Guizhou province: Congjiang, Danzhai, Dushan, Duyun, Leishan, Libo, and Rongjiang counties, centered in Sandu; Yunnan province: Fuyuan county.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Shui.
Sandong (Central Sui, Southern Sui), Pandong, Yang’an. Some communication difficulty between dialects. Sandong (Central) is the standard and most intelligible in the area (Castro 2011).
SVO; noun head initial; 70 onsets, 50 rhymes; 8 tones (Wei and Edmondson 2008).
Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], used by folk singers aged 40–60.