Tarahumara, Central


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Alta Tarahumara, Ralámuli de la Tarahumara Alta, Samachique Tarahumara, Tarahumara de Cumbres, Tarahumara del Centro
Ralámuli raicha

29,700 (2000 INALI). 10,000 monolinguals.


Chihuahua state: Balleza north, Chinantu southeast, Cuautemoc southwest to Creel down Urique river, east up Sinforosa canyon.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Language Use

Parents pass the language on to children in rural areas. Some older Spanish [spa] speakers who live there speak Tarahumara for work or trade. All domains. Used by all. Positive attitudes. All also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%. 5,000 readers, 1,000 can write. Taught in primary schools. Radio. Dictionary. NT: 1972.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Many migrated to Chihuahua city for jobs. Traditional religion, Christian.

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