Tarahumara, Central


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Alta Tarahumara, Ralámuli de la Tarahumara Alta, Ralámuli raicha, Samachique Tarahumara, Tarahumara de Cumbres, Tarahumara del Centro

30,000 (2000 INALI). No monolinguals.


Chihuahua state: Balleza north, Chinantu southeast, Cuautemoc southwest to Creel down Urique river, east up Sinforosa canyon.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Parents pass the language on to children in rural areas. Some older Spanish [spa] speakers who live there speak Tarahumara for work or trade. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. All also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 20%. 5,000 readers, 1,000 can write. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. NT: 1972.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Many migrated to Chihuahua city for jobs. Traditional religion, Christian.