Tagbanwa, Calamian


A language of Philippines

Alternate Names
Kalamianon, “Unggoy” (pej.)

10,000 (2007 SIL), increasing. Ethnic population: 10,000.


Mimaropa region: north Palawan province, Busuanga, Coron, Culion, and Linapacan municipalities (Calamian and Linapacan groups); Palawan Island northeast coast, 3 Tagbanwa communities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Baras, Kinalamiananen (Kinaramiananen), Binuswanganen, Tinalaanen, Inawanwaanen, Lininipaknen, Binatuanen. Baras dialect on Palawan Island 94% intelligibility with Calamian Tagbanwa. Lexical similarity: 80% with Calamian and Baras dialects; typologically unusual phenomenon with regard to pronoun ordering and marking.


VSO; 3 tense-aspects: past, future, and timeless. 16 consonants, 4 vowels; unusual pronoun ordering and marking (Ruch and Quakenbush 2006).

Language Use

Vigorous, except with inter-marriage with non-Tagbanwas. Home, church, neighborhood, work sites. All ages. Mixed attitudes. Attitudes are positive among themselves, but negative around others. Also use Tagalog [tgl]. Used as L2 by Cuyonon [cyo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 40%–50%. Literacy rate in L2: 40% in Tagalog [tgl]. Fluency training much needed (2007 SIL). Literature. Texts. NT: 2009.

Latin script [Latn], primary usage. Tagbanwa script [Tagb].

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