Tanacross

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A language of United States

Population

60 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 220 (Golla 2007).

Location

Alaska: Dot Lake, Tanacross, Upper Tanana area, Healy Lake, and Tok.

Language Status

8a (Moribund). Recognized language (2014, Official Languages of Alaska Law as amended, Alaska Statute 44.12.310).

Dialects

Healy Lake, Mansfield-Ketchumstuck. Little dialect variation. Mansfield-Ketchumstuck is most important politically and numerically. Reportedly most similar to Upper Tanana [tau], but with different tone systems.

Typology

Tonal.

Language Use

Only older adults in the home. Also use English [eng], Upper Tanana [tau].

Language Development
Practical alphabet established in 1973. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing

Latin script [Latn], practical alphabet was established in 1973, sometimes taught in school.

Other Comments

Recognized as a distinct language in the 1970s.

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