L1 users: 87,800 (2000).
Manyara, Singida, and Tabora regions; Mara region: Bunda and Serengeti districts; Dodoma region. Barabaig dialect: mainly north volcanic highlands near Mt. Hanang.
Bajuta (Bajuuta), Gisamjanga (Gisamjang, Gisamjank, Kisamajeng), Barabayiiga (Barabaig, Barabaik, Barabayga, Barbaig), Tsimajeega (Isimijeega, Isimijega), Rootigaanga (Rotigeenga, Rotigenga), Buraadiiga (Buradiga, Bureadiga), Bianjiida (Biyanjiida, Utatu), Darorajek (Daragwajega, Darorajega), Salawajega, Gidang’odiga, Bisiyeda, Ghumbiega. Sabaot [spy] is probably most similar. Barabaik and Kisamajeng dialects are very similar and are completely inherently intelligible. There are several other dialects or ethnic groups: Darorajega, Gidang’odiga, Bisiyeda, Daragwajega, Salawajega, Ghumbiega, and Mangatiga. Lexical similarity: 50% with Kalenjin [kln] languages and Omotik [omt] of Kenya.
VSO; prepositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals after noun heads; question word final; 4 prefixes, 5 suffixes on verb; case marked by tone; verb affixes mark person, number; (C)(C)V(:), VC; tonal.
Latin script [Latn].
‘Mangati’ or ‘Ole-Mangati’ is Maasai, enemies. Taturu is the Sukuma name. There is intermarriage with the Iraqw. Datooga orthography is different from Swahili [swh]. Traditional religion, Christian.