A language of India

Alternate Names
Bedia, Chik Barik, Pan, Pan Sawasi, Tair, Tamara, Tamaria, Tanti, Temoral, Tumariya

L1 users: 194,000 (2001 census).


Assam state: upper tea gardens; Jharkhand state: Ranchi and Singhbhum districts; Odisha and West Bengal states.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Sonahatu variety considered most pure. Lexical similarity: 77%–94% between dialects, 61%–86% with Kudmali, 68%–76% with Magahi (Khortha) [mag], 61%–70% with Sadri [sck], 48%–52% with Odia [ory], 45%–58% with Bengali [ben], 50%–60% with Hindi [hin].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, village, market, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Bengali [ben], Hindi [hin].

Language Development
Literature. Bible portions: 2011.

Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng], no longer in use. Devanagari script [Deva]. Kaithi script [Kthi], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Panchpargania means 5 districts, namely Silli, Bundu, Rahe, Baranda, and Tamar parganas of Ranchi (Singh 1995b). Hindu, Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

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