356,500, all users. L1 users: 323,000 (2000), increasing. Population for all Tamang varieties: 1,350,000 (2011 census). L2 users: 33,500 (2011 census). Mostly monolingual below school age or over 60 years of age.
Bagmati zone: Dhading, west Nuwakot, and Rasuwa districts; northeast Sindhupalchok district, Bhote Chaur and Bhote Namlan on Trishuli river west bank; Narayani zone: northwest Makwanpur district, Chakhel, Khulekhani, Markhu, Palung, Phakel, and Tistung; north Kathmandu, Gagal Phedi, Jhor, and Thoka.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Tamang.
Trisuli (Nuwakot), Rasuwa, Northwestern dialect of Western Tamang (Dhading), Southwestern dialect of Western Tamang. Preliminary results showed 86% intelligibility of Rasuwa dialect, 81%–88% of Central-Eastern [taj], 78%–88% of Outer-Eastern [taj], 86% of Southwestern [taj]; 80% of Rasuwa with Trisuli, up to 70% of Outer-Eastern [taj]. Lexical similarity: 94% between Trisuli dialect and Northwestern Tamang [tmk], 82%–83% with Rasuwa, 80% with Southwestern Tamang [taj], 77%–79% with Eastern Gorkha Tamang [tge], 82%–83% between Rasuwa and Northwestern [tmk], 78% with Southwestern [taj], 72% with Eastern Gorkha [tge], 69%–81% between Western varieties and Eastern Tamang varieties.
SOV; postpositions; noun head both initial and final; genitives after nouns, relatives before nouns; no noun classes or genders; content q-word initial; up to 2 prefixes, up to 11 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by word order; ergativity; no passives or voice; 24 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; CV, CVC, CCV, V, CCVC, CVCCC; tonal.
Home, friends, religion; mixed use: Work, education. All ages. Also use Nepali [npi], especially younger people, as it is the medium of instruction in schools.
Murmi is the ethnonym used by the Lepcha and Kirati communities and Sain by the Newar. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian.