Telugu

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Andhra, Gentoo, Tailangi, Telangire, Telegu, Telgi, Tengu, Terangi, Tolangan
Population

73,800,000 in India (2001 census). L2 users: 5,000,000 in India. Total users in all countries: 79,244,300 (as L1: 74,244,300; as L2: 5,000,000).

Location

Mainly Andhra Pradesh; Karnataka: eastern portions of Bidar, Gulbarga, Yadgir, Raichur, Bellary, Chitradurga, Tumkur, all of Kolar, Bangalore Rural, and Chikkaballapura; Odisha: Malkangiri, Koraput, Rayagada, and Gajapati; Chhattisgarh: Bijapur; Tamil Nadu: Vellore and Thirvallur; Maharashtra: Gadchiroli and border areas, eastern enclaves, Puducherry union territory.

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Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Andhra Pradesh State; Puducherry Union Territory, Andaman and Nicobar islands (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).

Dialects

Berad, Dasari, Dommara, Golari, Kamathi, Komtao, Konda-Reddi, Salewari, Telangana, Telugu, Vadaga, Srikakula, Vishakhapatnam, East Godaveri, Rayalseema, Nellore, Guntur, Vadari, Yanadi (Yenadi).

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; gender; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number gender of subject; passives; tense; causatives; 21 consonant and 11 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on first syllable; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Use

Used as L2 by Bodo Gadaba [gbj], Chenchu [cde], Koya [kff], Kupia [key], Lambadi [lmn], Mudhili Gadaba [gau], Northwestern Kolami [kfb], Pottangi Ollar Gadaba [gdb], Vaagri Booli [vaa], Waddar [wbq], Yerukula [yeu].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1854–2002.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Telugu script [Telu], primary usage.

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