A language of United States

Alternate Names

1,500 (Golla 2007), decreasing. 1,200 speakers in New Mexico, 300 in Arizona (Golla 2007). 18 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 4,860 (Ichihashi-Nakayama et al 2007).


Arizona: Hano and Hopi Reservation; New Mexico: Nambe, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Clara, North of Santa Fe, and Tesuque pueblos.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: Hopi Tribe of Arizona, Ohkay Owingeh, Pueblo of Nambe, Pueblo of Pojoaque, Pueblo of San Ildefonso, Pueblo of Santa Clara, Pueblo of Tesuque.


Hano, Nambe, Pojoaque, San Ildefonso, San Juan, Santa Clara, Tesuque.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Some young people, all adults, 50% below 18 years, 70% above 18 (1980 census); most adults. Many younger ones prefer English [eng]; some do not speak Tewa. Some children acquiring the language in Hano (Golla 2007).

Language Development

Dictionary. Bible portions: 1969–1984. Language preservation project focusing on computer technology (Golla 2007).


Latin script [Latn].

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