42,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). L2 users: 20,000.
Maluku Utara Province, Kota Ternate regency, Hiri and Ternate islands; Halmahera Selatan regency, Kayoa islands on north end of Lapan bay, islands between Bacan and Kasiruta islands; southernmost point, Halmahera island southeast of Gana bay, Damar and Yoronge islands off of cape Lihobo; some communities on western north coast.
None known. Reportedly similar to Tidore [tvo].