Ternate

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A language of Indonesia

Population

62,000, all users. 42,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). 20,000.

Location

Maluku Utara province: Kota Ternate regency, Hiri and Ternate islands; Halmahera Selatan regency, islands between Bacan and Kasiruta islands; Halmahera island southeast of Gane bay; Damar and Yoronga islands.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Reportedly similar to Tidore [tvo].

Language Use

Former trade language, now shifting to North Moluccan Malay [max]; weaker in core area, stronger in periphery (2012 J. Bowden). Also use Indonesian [ind]. Used as L2 by Sawai [szw].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%.
Other Comments

Muslim.

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