Tamang, Eastern Gorkha


A language of Nepal


3,980 (2000). Population for all Tamang varieties: 1,350,000 (2011 census).


Gandaki zone: north Gorkha district, south and east of Jagat.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Tamang.


Kasigaon, Kerounja. Lexical similarity: 89% with dialects, 76%–77% with Northwestern (Dhading) Tamang [tmk], 77%–79% with Western (Trisuli) Tamang [tdg], 72%–73% with Western (Rasuwa) Tamang [tdg], 63%–73% with Eastern Tamang [taj] dialects (Varenkamp 1996), 50% with Gurung [gvr], 31%–37% with Northern [ghh] and Southern Ghale [ghe], 18%–23% with Kuke [ght], 14%–16% with Nubri [kte], Tsum [ttz], and Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy], 12%–14% with Tibetan [bod] (1992 J. Webster).

Language Use

Used by all. Also use Nepali [npi].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: Below 10%.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Refer to themselves as Gurung, but recognize their language is different. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Hindu.

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