21,500,000 in Philippines (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 24,748,230.
Widespread; Manila, most of Luzon, and Mindoro.
3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language.
Lubang, Manila, Marinduque, Bataan, Batangas, Bulacan, Puray, Tanay-Paete, Tayabas.
Prepositions; no articles; ergativity; tense and aspect; comparatives; 16 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.
Used as L2 by Alabat Island Agta [dul], Calamian Tagbanwa [tbk], Caluyanun [clu], Central Bikol [bcl], Central Bontok [lbk], Central Sama [sml], Eskayan [esy], Kalagan [kqe], Kalanguya [kak], Kamayo [kyk], Limos Kalinga [kmk], Lubuagan Kalinga [knb], Majukayang Kalinga [kmd], Manide [abd], Northern Bontok [rbk], Rinconada Bikol [bto].
Used as basis for the development of Filipino [fil]. Christian.