285,000 in Nepal (2001 census), increasing. Population for all Tharu varieties: 1,530,000 (2011 census).
Narayani Zone, Chitwan, Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, and Makwanpur districts; Lumbini Zone, Nawalparasi district; Gandaki Zone, Tanahu district.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Tharu.
Nawalpuriya Tharu (Laulpuriya Tharu).
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 genders; content q-word in situ; up to 3 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and number; tense and aspect; no passive or voice; nontonal; 34 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes (5 of the vowels can be nasalized).
Devanagari script [Deva].