Tharu, Madhya Ksetriya


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Chitwania Tharu
मध्य क्षेत्रीय थारू‎ (Madhya Ksetriya Tharu)

285,000 in Nepal (2001 census), increasing. Population for all Tharu varieties: 1,530,000 (2011 census).


Gandaki zone: Tanahu district; Lumbini zone: Nawalparasi district; Narayani zone: Bara, Chitwan, Makwanpur, Parsa, and Rautahat districts.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Tharu.


Nawalparasi (Laulpuriya Tharu, Nawalpuriya Tharu), Chitwan (Chitoniya Tharu, Chitwan Tharu, Chitwania Tharu, Chitwaniya).


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; 2 genders; content q-word in situ; up to 3 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and number; tense and aspect; no passive or voice; nontonal; 34 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes (5 of the vowels can be nasalized).

Language Use

Vigorous within the language community. Home, friends, religion; mixed use: Work, education. Used by all. Mixed attitudes, from neutral to negative. Also use Bhojpuri [bho], Hindi [hin], Nepali [npi].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools, in 2 schools in Chitwan District only. Literature. Newspapers. Periodicals. Radio. Videos. Texts. Bible portions: 1977.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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