23,580 in Nepal, all users. 23,200 (2011 census), decreasing. 380 (2011 census). 100 monolinguals (2002 UNESCO). Ethnic population: 35,000 (Turin 2007). 28,700 (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 24,380 (as L1: 24,000; as L2: 380).
Bagmati zone: Sindhupalchok district, villages east; Janakpur zone: Dolakha district, villages north and west; Ramechhap district, Sailung Khola villages; Kathmandu.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Thami.
SOV; both prepositions and postpositions; noun head both initial and final; gender, only some animate nouns; content q-word in situ; up to 3 prefixes, up to 4 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person; no ergativity; tense; passives and voice; nontonal; 33 consonant and 13 vowel phonemes.
Ethnic Thangmi outside Dolakha and Sindhupalchok no longer speak Thangmi. Religion; mixed use: Home, friends. Older adults and elderly. Some use among children, adolescents, and young adults. Mixed attitudes. Negative attitudes, but changing to more neutral and positive.
Devanagari script [Deva].
Traditional religion, Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.