176,000 (2009 census), increasing. 61,600 monolinguals.
Embu, Meru, and Tharaka-Nithi counties.
Older people’s dialect more prestigious due to lack of borrowings. Many now use written materials. Home, social gatherings. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Gikuyu [kik], Kimîîru [mer]. Also use English [eng], in schools and offices. Also use Swahili [swh], especially in churches, schools, jobs, and sometimes in the home.
Latin script [Latn], in development.
Attitudes changing. People now view their language as important. Christian, traditional religion.