4,467,000 in Ethiopia, all users. L1 users: 4,320,000 (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 147,000. 2,820,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 7,899,400 (as L1: 7,747,400; as L2: 152,000).
Afar and Amhara regions; Tigray region border areas.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Tigray Region (1994, Constitution, Article 47(3)).
SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); definite article; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; aspect; 33 consonant and 14 vowel phonemes.
Ethiopic script [Ethi], used since 13th or 14th century.