4,320,000 in Ethiopia (2010 UNSD). L2 users: 147,000 in Ethiopia. 2,820,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 7,899,400 (as L1: 7,747,400; as L2: 152,000).
Tigray region border areas; Amhara and Afar regions.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Tigray Region (1994, Constitution, Article 47(3)).
SOV; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine); definite article; verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives; aspect; 33 consonant and 14 vowel phonemes.
Ethiopic script [Ethi], used since 13th or 14th century.