L1 users: 2,210,000 (1991 UBS).
Benue state: Makurdi, Gwer, Gboko, Kwande, Vandeikya, Katsina Ala, Guma, Buruku, and Ushongo LGAs; Nassarawa state: Doma, Nasarawa, Lafia, Obi, Keana, and Awe LGAs; Plateau state: Qua’an Pan and Shendam LGAs; Taraba state: Bali, Takum, and Wukari LGAs, Cross River state: Yala, Bekwara, Obudu, and Obanliku LGAs.
3 (Wider communication). De facto language of provincial identity in Benue, Nassarawa, Plateau, Taraba, and Cross River states, used in elementary education.
Latin script [Latn], used since 1936.
Christian, traditional religion.