100,000 (2010 SIL).
Kachin State, from Myitkyina to Barnaw township; Sagaing Division, Homalin township, along the Irrawaddy, Chindwin, and Uru rivers.
Tai Lai, Tai Nai. Two subgroups: Those who live along the railway line between Myitkyina and Mandalay and call themselves Tai Nai; Those who live along the river south of Myitkyina who call themselves Tai Lai. However, apart from the sound shift l to n among the first group, there do not seem to be any major differences in language between these 2 subgroups. Similar to Khamti [kht].
Shifting to Burmese [mya] in some areas.
The name Tai Laing means Red Tai. Buddhist.