1,500 (Brassett and Brassett 2005), decreasing. Monolinguals: Monolinguals are mainly women, children, and older adults. Ethnic population: 8,030,000 (2000 census), including 70,000 in Northern Tujia).
Northwest Hunan Province, Luxi county, 3 villages.
SOV; voiced stops and affricates; tonal, 5 tones
In Boluozhai, all speak the language; in Puzhu, some children can speak it; in Xiaqieji, only adults speak it (2007). Home, village. Mainly older people. Positive attitudes. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Chinese used in schools.
Officially classified within Tujia nationality. Traditional religion, Buddhist.