Totonac, Upper Necaxa

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A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Totonaco del río Necaxa
Autonym
Totonaca
Population

3,270 (2000 INALI). 680 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,800.

Location

Puebla state: Cacahuatlán, Chicontla, Patla, and San Pedro Tlalontongo in Necaxa river valley.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Reportedly most similar to Tecpatlan Totonac [tcw]. Northern Totonac [too] materials are difficult to understand.

Language Use

Moderate use. Not all parents pass it on to children. Local administration, commerce, religion. Some young people, all adults. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Spanish [spa], especially in schools. A few may also speak Nahuatl.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 30%. Bilingual primary schools in Patla and San Pedro. NT: 1999.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Young people must leave to find jobs.

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