A language of Paraguay

Alternate Names
Cabanatit, Enenxet, Machicui, Quilyilhrayrom, Toba of Paraguay, Toba-Enenlhet

1,260 (Crevels 2012), decreasing. 1,250 Toba-Enenlhet and 12 Toba-Maskoy (Crevels 2012). All women and young children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 2,270 (Crevels 2012). 1,510 Toba-Enenlhet and 760 Toba-Maskoy (Crevels 2012).


Alto Paraguay department: Puerto Guarani area south; Concepción and Presidente Hayes departments: Boquerón Kue, Casanillo-Aldea Campo Rayo, Casanillo-Aldea Capiatá, Casanillo-Aldea Casanillo, Casanillo-Aldea Linda Vista, Casanillo-Campo Aroma, Casanillo-San Rafael, Castilla, Estancia Laguna Porã, Livio Fariña-Pueblito, María Auxiliadora-Km 40, Pozo Amarillo, Riacho Mosquito, San Isidro-Km 39; confluence, Apa and Paraguai rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b* (Threatened). Recognized language (2010, Languages Act, No. 4251, Article 2).

Language Use

Most also use Paraguayan Guaraní [gug], which is used in school and church. Some also use Spanish [spa], especially men, bilingually (Crevels 2012).

Language Development

Literature. Dictionary. Texts.


Latin script [Latn], limited usage.

Other Comments

Different from Toba Qom [tob], Toba-Pilagá [plg] of Argentina.

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