A language of Colombia

Alternate Names
Letuama, Letuhama, Ohañara, Opaina, Retuama, Retuarã, Tanimboka, Tanimuca-Letuama, Uairã, Ufaina

1,800 (Crevels 2007). Retuarã more monolingual than Tanimuca. Ethnic population: 1,950 (Crevels 2011).


Amazonas and Vaupés departments: Guacayá and Oiyaka rivers (tributaries of the Mirití-Paraná), Apaporis, Mirití-Paraná, and Popeyaca rivers near mouth of Pira river below Popeyaca.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Tanimuca, Retuarã. Tanimuca and Retuarã are 2 ethnic groups living near each other who speak the same language.

Language Use

No longer spoken in the communities near the non-indigenous villages (Crevels 2007). All domains. Also use Macuna [myy], Yucuna [ycn]. Used as L2 by Yucuna [ycn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Grammar. Bible portions: 1993–2013.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

All work for one rubber hunter.

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