Toba

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A language of Argentina

Alternate Names
Chaco Sur, Namqom, Qom, Qoml’ek, Toba Qom, Toba Sur
Population

40,000 in Argentina (Crevels 2007). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 69,500 (2004 INDEC). Total users in all countries: 40,760.

Location

Chaco province: Bermejito, Castelli, Fontana, La Leonesa, Las Palmas, Miraflores, Pampa del Indio, Pcia, Resistencia, Roca, Saenz Peña, San Martín, Tres Isletas; Corrientes province; Formosa province: El Colorado, Misión Laishí, San Carlos; Santa Fe province: Rosario.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Southeast Toba, Northern Toba.

Language Use

Speakers’ competence varies considerably according to location, age and attitude (Crevels 2007). Home, friends, work, religion. All ages in the smaller communities; adult speakers in larger towns and cities.

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. NT: 1980–2011.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Different from Toba-Maskoy [tmf] or Toba-Pilagá [plg]. Christian.

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