1,330,000 (2010 census), increasing. 55,600 Toka-Leya, 1,270,000 Tonga (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,448,000.
Southern province: with Ila [ilb] language users; Western province: Sesheke district; small Lusaka border areas.
2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Southern and Western provinces.
Chitonga, Leya, Toka (Southern Tonga), We (Valley Tonga), Shanjo (Sanjo), Twa of Kafwe (Kafue Twa), Mala.
Recognized for educational and administrative purposes. Home, community, market, administration. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Lenje [leh].
Latin script [Latn].