1 (Golla 2007). One elderly semispeaker in 2001 but growing numbers of younger emerging speakers with limited competence (Golla 2007). L2 users: 1 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,000 (2000 A. Yamamoto).
California: Smith River Rancheria, near Crescent City.
8b (Nearly extinct).
Some language revival efforts.
Chasta Costa was a separate tribe in Oregon; now extinct.