Tolowa

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Smith River
Population

2, all users. L1 users: 1 (Golla 2007). L2 users: 1 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,000 (2000 A. Yamamoto).

Location

California: Smith River Rancheria, near Crescent City.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Language Use

One elderly semispeaker in 2001 but growing numbers of younger emerging speakers with limited competence (Golla 2007).

Language Development
All L2 speakers are literate. Dictionary. Some language revival efforts.
Other Comments

Chasta Costa was a separate tribe in Oregon; now extinct.

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