Totonac, Xicotepec de Juárez

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A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Northern Totonac, Totonaco de Villa Juárez, Xicotepec Totonac
Population

3,000 (2000 SIL). 500 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 13,700.

Location

Puebla state: Xicotepec de Juárez; Veracruz state. 30 towns.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Zihuateutla Totonac. 87% intelligibility of Ozumatlán [tqt] (most similar).

Typology

SVO; long words, affixes, clitics; nontonal.

Language Use

Older adults use Totonac more than Spanish. Others use Spanish more than Totonac. Adults only. Negative attitudes. Some also use Tepehua, Nahuatl, Otomi.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1978.

Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Young people must leave area for jobs.

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