L1 users: 25,000 (2007 SIL). Total users in all countries: 30,000.
Oaxaca state: Juxtlahuaca, Miguel Alemán, San Juan Copala, Sonora (1,000 users); Baja California state: San Quintín valley; Mexico City. Groups in most tourist centers.
56% intelligibility of Chicahuaxtla [trs]. Considerable internal linguistic variation, though not well-defined subdialects.
VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.
Considerable language loss in youth who grow up in the dispersion.
Latin script [Latn].