Lishán Didán


A language of Israel

Alternate Names
Galihalu, Lakhlokhi, Lishanid Nash Didán, Lishanán, Persian Azerbaijan Jewish Aramaic

6,230 (2005 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 6,450.


HaMerkaz and Jerusalem districts: Jerusalem city, Tel-Aviv areas.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).


Northern Cluster Lishán Didán (Anatolia, Salmas, Urmi), Southern Cluster Lishán Didán (Mahabad, Naghada, Ushno). 60%–70% intelligibility of Hulaulá [huy] and Lishanid Noshan [aij], but not of other Aramaic languages. The Urmi variety of Lishán Didán is different from the Urmi variety of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic.

Language Use

Older adults. Also use Hebrew [heb], as L2, some due to intermarriage.

Language Development
Grammar. Bible portions: 1986–1988.

Hebrew script [Hebr].

Other Comments

Many loanwords from Kurdish, Turkish [tur], Arabic, Eastern Farsi [prs] or Western Farsi [pes], Hebrew [heb], and several European languages. Sometimes erroneously called ‘Judeo-Kurdish’ or ‘Azerbaijani Kurdish’. Originally from Iranian Azerbaijan and southeast Turkey. Jewish.

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