L1 users: 15,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 50,000 (1994). Total users in all countries: 99,000.
Mardin and Sirnak provinces.
Midyat, Midin, Kfarze, ’Iwardo, Anhil, Raite. Turoyo subdialects divided between Town Turoyo (Midyat Turoyo), Village Turoyo, and Mixed (Village-Town) Turoyo.
Mixed Turoyo, outside Tur ’Abdin, the language’s original location, is increasingly used mainly by youth throughout the Jacobite diaspora. All also use Turkish [tur], or local lingua francas.
Known among scholars almost exclusively as Tûrôyo; Suryoyo is a popular name. Western Syriac refers to the Classical Western Syriac [syc] liturgy and orthography used by Turoyo speakers. Christian.