A language of Turkey

Alternate Names
Surayt, Süryani, Suryoyo, Syryoyo, Turani

15,000 in Turkey (2014 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 50,000 (1994). Total users in all countries: 99,000.


Southeast, Sirnak and Mardin provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Midyat, Midin, Kfarze, ’Iwardo, Anhil, Raite. Turoyo subdialects divided between Town Turoyo (Midyat Turoyo), Village Turoyo, and Mixed (Village-Town) Turoyo.

Language Use

Mixed Turoyo, outside Tur ’Abdin, the language’s original location, is increasingly used mainly by youth throughout the Jacobite diaspora. All also use Turkish [tur], or local lingua francas.

Language Development
NT: 1992–2013.

Latin script [Latn], primary usage. Syriac script [Syrc].

Other Comments

Known among scholars almost exclusively as Tûrôyo; Suryoyo is a popular name. Western Syriac refers to the Classical Western Syriac [syc] liturgy and orthography used by Turoyo speakers. Christian.

Also spoken in:

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