A language of Pakistan

Alternate Names
Torwalak, Torwali Kohistani, Turvali

80,000 (Lunsford 2001).


North-West Frontier Province, Swat district; Bahrain dialect: upper Swat district, both sides of Swat river, from just north of Madyan up to Asret, located between Mankjal and Peshmal; Chail dialect: primarily 2 villages in the Chail valley, 5–8 km east of Madyan.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Bahrain, Chail. Lexical similarity: 44% with Kalkoti [xka] and Kalami [gwc], 89% with Bahrain and Chail dialects.

Language Use

Home, community. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Southern Pashto [pbt], Urdu [urd]. Used as L2 by Ushojo [ush].

Language Development
Curriculum was developed for a 2-year multilingual education program that bridges children from Torwali to Urdu [urd]. Taught in primary schools, but only to a limited extent. Poetry. Dictionary.

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], Naskh style. Arabic script, Nastaliq variant [Aran], primary usage.

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