A language of Guatemala

Alternate Names
K’onti’l, Maya-Tekiteko, Qyool, Teco, Tectitec, Tectiteco, Tectitán Mam, Tujqyol, “Teko” (pej.)

1,140 in Guatemala (2003 census). Ethnic population: 2,080 (2003 census). Total users in all countries: 1,211.


Huehuetenango department: Tectitán area, Cuilco.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2003, Law of National Languages, Decree 19).


None known. Reportedly similar to Mam [mam].


VSO; no adpositions; noun head initial; 3 noun classes (inherently possessed, never possessed, optionally possessed), content q-word initial; up to 2 prefixes, 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by word order; verbal affixation marks person and number; ergativity; tense and aspect; passives and voice; nontonal; 26 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

In Tectitán municipality, language use increasing. Vitality stronger than 20 years ago (2000). Some young people, all adults. In the largest villages, commonly used by children. In some areas, parents desire their children to speak only Spanish [spa]. Neutral attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 10%–20%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–20%. Some bilingual education in elementary schools. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Grammar. Texts. NT: 2003. Agency: Academy of Mayan Languages.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments


Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: