A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Orutoro, Rutooro, Rutoro, Toro

L1 users: 846,000 (2014 census), increasing. Census based on tribal affiliation. 35,400 Tuku (2014 census).


Bundibugyo, Kabarole, Kamwenge, Kasese, Kibaale, Kyenjojo, Kyegegwa, and Ntoroko districts; West, south and southeast of Lake Albert.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in Kabarole and Kabale districts.


Tuku, Rutuku. Hema [nix] (Nyoro-Toro) in Democratic Republic of the Congo is slightly different. Tuku dialect is most likely a separate language. Lexical similarity: 78%–93% with Nyoro [nyo].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, market, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Nyoro [nyo], Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Taught in secondary schools, as a subject. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Texts. Bible: 1912.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1978.

Other Comments

Standardized form of the western languages (Nyankore-Chiga and Nyoro-Tooro) is called Runyakitara, and is taught at the University and used in internet browsing, but is a hybrid language. Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

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