A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Orutoro, Rutoro, Toro

846,000 (2014 census), increasing. Census based on tribal affiliation. 811,000 Tooro, 35,000 Tuku (2014 census).


Bundibugyo, Kabarole, Kamwenge, Kasese, Kibaale, Kyegegwa, Kyenjojo, and Ntoroko districts; West, south and southeast of Lake Albert.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in Kabarole and Kabale districts.


Tuku, Rutuku. Hema [nix] (Nyoro-Toro) in Democratic Republic of the Congo is slightly different. Tuku dialect is most likely a separate language. Lexical similarity: 78%–93% with Nyoro [nyo].

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, market, work. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Nyoro [nyo], Talinga-Bwisi [tlj].

Language Development

Taught in primary schools. Taught in secondary schools, as a subject. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Texts. Bible: 1912.


Latin script [Latn], used since 1978.

Other Comments

Standardized form of the western languages (Nyankore-Chiga and Nyoro-Tooro) is called Runyakitara, and is taught at the University and used in internet browsing, but is a hybrid language. Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.

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