Tamajaq, Tawallammat


A language of Niger

Alternate Names
Amazigh, Tahoua, Tahoua Tamajeq, Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tamasheq, Tewellemet, Tomacheck, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg

450,000 in Niger (1998). Total users in all countries: 801,000.


Agadez region: Tchirozerine department; Dosso region: Dogondoutchi department; northwest Maradi region; Tahoua and Tillabéri regions. Central Tahoua from Ingal to Mali border (eastern dialect); west, north and northwest of Niamey (western dialect).

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3).


Tawallammat Tan Dannag (Ioullemmeden), Tawallammat Tan Ataram. A member of macrolanguage Tamashek [tmh].

Language Use

Some children in urban areas no longer speak Tamajaq. Home, market, commerce, some schools. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Tagdal [tda], Tasawaq [twq].

Language Development

Slowly growing interest in literacy. About 16 primary schools use experimental curriculum taught in Tamajaq for the first 3 years. French gradually introduced until it becomes the primary language of instruction. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. NT: 2016.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Latin script [Latn]. Tifinagh (Berber) script [Tfng], called Shifinagh in Niger.

Other Comments


Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: