Tsum

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Tsumba, Tsumge
Population

4,790 (2000).

Location

Gandaki Zone, north Gorkha district, Tsum valley, the region drained by the Shiar Khola north of Ganesh Himal. Chekampar (Chokong) is prestige village.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Siyar.

Dialects

None known. 71%–78% intelligibility of Nubri [kte], 66% of Kyerung (Kyirong) [kgy]; 60%–66% of Lhasa Tibetan [bod]; 22%–25% of Northern Ghale [ghh], 14%–22% of Southern Ghale [ghe], 23%–27% of Kuke [ght]; 6% of Eastern Gorkha Tamang [tge], 14% of Gurung [gvr], 15% of Banspur Tamang. Divided into upper region, Yarba, and lower region, Ushug.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Home, friends. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 10% or less. A few primary schools.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Buddhist.