A language of Indonesia


2,590 (2000).


North Maluku province: East Halmahera regency, Maba district, Miaf, Bebsili, and Marasipno villages; Wasile district, pass between Lolobata and Buli; North Halmahera regency, Kao district, Taboulamo area; Tobelo district, Kusuri. Dodaga, Tutuling, Akelamo, and Mabulan rivers in Maba district.

Language Status

6b* (Threatened).


Teluk Lili, Kusuri. Possibly several dialects separated by large distances. Inadequate intelligibility with Tobelo [tlb] variety.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Indonesian [ind].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%.

Other Comments

Forest people who have contact with village people when selling copra and purchasing supplies. Traditional religion, Christian.

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