Turkmen

Print

A language of Turkmenistan

Alternate Names
Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans
Population

3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995). Total users in all countries: 6,678,190.

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).

Dialects

Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; no articles; case-marking (5 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; 23 consonant and 9 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; vowel harmony; evidentials.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Poetry. Magazines. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1880–2005.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in Afghanistan and Iran. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Turkmenistan, not used in Afghanistan. Latin script [Latn], official usage in Turkmenistan since 1991.

Other Comments

Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All
Page Views Left: