Turkmen

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A language of Turkmenistan

Alternate Names
Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans, Türkmen dili
Autonym
Türkmençe, түркменче‎ (Türkmençe)
Population

3,820,000 (2015 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 7,097,970.

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13).

Dialects

Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; no articles; case-marking (5 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; 23 consonant and 9 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; vowel harmony; evidentials.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Literature. Periodicals. Radio. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. NT: 1880–2005.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], used in Afghanistan and Iran. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Turkmenistan, not used in Afghanistan. Latin script [Latn], official usage in Turkmenistan since 1991.

Other Comments

Turkmen in Syria and Iraq displays heavy Turkish [tur] and Arabic influences lexically with some Azeri features. Turkmen in Iran shows many Persian [pes] features. Muslim.

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