L1 users: 1,180,000 (2009 UNSD). 24,400 Senga, 1,150,000 Tumbuka (2009 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 1,546,000.
Karonga and Chitipa districts: west shore of Lake Malawi; Rumphi and Mzimba districts; Nkhata Bay and Nkhotakota districts.
Chitumbuka, Chikamanga (Henga, Kamanga), Nenya, Poka (Chipoka, Phoka), Yombe, Senga, Nthali, Fungwe, Wenya, Hewe (Hewa).
Latin script [Latn].
Kandawire and Fulirwa are clans, not dialects. Christian, traditional religion.