A language of United States


32, all users. L1 users: No known L1 speakers, but emerging L2 speakers. The last known native speaker, Sesostrie Youchigant (aka Sam Young), died in 1948 (1964 M. Haas). L2 users: 32 (2017 J. Maxwell).


Louisiana: north central.

Language Status

9 (Reawakening). Language of registered tribe: Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana.

Language Development

Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. The Tunica Language Revitalization Project has organized language immersion summer camps for youth and immersion workshops for adults and for teens. There is also a weekly after-school program during the school year and have online classes for the extended community (2017 J. Maxwell). Agency: Tunica-Biloxi Language and Culture Revitalization Program.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Heritage language of the Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Marksville, Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana.

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