Date of death of last native speaker
In addition to the term "extinct" not accurately reflecting the state of the language ("Death of last known native speaker" would be appropriate [and this does not entail extinction]), the date of "after 1950" as the date when the last known native speaker died, as cited from Golla (2007), is inaccurate. Sesostrie Youchigant was the last known native speaker, and his date of death was December 6, 1948, as recorded in a letter from the Chief of the Tunica-Biloxi tribe to Mary Haas. The citation is as follows: Pierite, Joseph. 1964. Letter to Mary Haas. Mary R. Haas Papers. Mss.Ms.Coll.94. American Philosophical Society Library. Philadelphia.
We will put in the "last known native speaker" information for Tunica [tun] in the 20th edition of the Ethnologue.
Kuhpani Yoyani Luhchi Yoroniku (KYLY)
This is a working group of scholars, (faculty and students of Tulane University, scholars and pedagogues of the Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana). In the past six years of collaboration, we have published one children's book, with a second now in press. We have a draft of a basic introductory textbook. We have an interactive online dictionary. With the support of SIL programmers, my graduate student, Patricia Anderson has designed a dictionary app for the language, which is now available to tribal members. We have run three language immersion summer camps for youth, three immersion workshops for adults, and a teen immersion workshop this past week. We have a fourth adult immersion underway, Jan. 10-13, 2017. Ms. Donna Pierite and her daughter Elisabeth Mora teach Tunica three days a week in after school programs. The Tunica-Biloxi Language Revitalization program has run a one-week intensive language summer camp for the past four years. Last year 49 children and teens attended. The after school programs are divided by age groups, as are the summer camps. There is an expanding base of L2 speakers, not all of whom are tribal, as Ms. Pierite and Ms. Mora also offer Tunica lessons online, through WebEx. A rough estimate of L2 speakers with fluency about 2 on the State Department's scale would be about 32.
We will add revitalization information for Tunica [tun] in the United States for the 20th edition of the Ethnologue.
Please erase "extinct" from the description of Tunica, pace Golla
Here is a short list of recent publications coming out of the Tunica Language Revitalization Project. Recent Tunica publications by members of the Tunica-Biloxi Language and Culture Revitalization Program 1. 2011 Hichut’una Awachihk’unanahch Fighting Eagles/Tayak Takohkuman Deer and Turtle. re-edition of stories told to Mary Haas by Sesostrie Youchigant in Tunica. co-edited with Kat Bell, Raina Heaton, John de Priest, Joshua Rogers, and Rebecca Chilbert. Tunica Nation: Marksville, LA 2. 2016 Maxwell, Judith M. “Tetimili “The Red Road”: The Selective Insertion of Ethnohistory in the Tunica Language Revitalization Project” in Fleur de Ling: Tulane University Working Papers, vol. 2: 17- 22. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 3. 2016 Maxwell, Judith Tunica Language Reawakening in The Tunica-Biloxi Tribe: Its People & Culture. Tunica-Biloxi Tribe of Louisiana: Marksville 4. 2016 Maxwell, Judith KYLY: Kuhpani Yoyani Luhchi Yoroni: Tunica Language Working Group. Knowledge Bank: University Libraries: Ohio State University, to be posted in ILCLA/STILLA 2016 Conference Proceedings; site to go live in February 2017, http:// kb.osu.edu/dspace 5. accepted, in press. Maxwell, Judith and Patricia Anderson. Tunica in Languages of Louisiana. N. Dajko and S. Walton, eds. University of Mississippi Press: Oxford. 6. 2013. Heaton, Raina. "The Tunica Language Revitalization Project: Methods, challenges, and data conflict in language recreation." http:// scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu 7. 2013 Heaton, Raina. "An examination of ‘Gulf’as a linguistic subarea." http://academia.edu 8. 2013 Anderson, Patricia. "What does it meme? Lexicography for a new generation of language learners." (2013). ." http:// scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu
We will change the status of Tunica [tun] in the United States from Dormant to Reawakening for the 20th edition of the Ethnologue.