Turkish

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A language of Turkey

Alternate Names
Anatolian, Istanbul Turkish, Türkisch
Autonym
Türkçe
Population

74,250,000 in Turkey, all users. L1 users: 73,900,000 (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 350,000 (European Commission 2006). Total users in all countries: 78,907,540 (as L1: 78,527,240; as L2: 380,300).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1982, Constitution, Article 3).

Dialects

Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa, Meskhetian Turkish (Ahiska). Danubian is west; other dialects east.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; indefinite articles; case-marking (6 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; causatives; comparatives; 19 consonant and 8 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on final syllable; vowel harmony; evidentiality.

Language Use

Karamanli are Turkish-speaking Greeks. Some also use English [eng] (European Commission 2006). A few also use Standard German [deu] (European Commission 2006).

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1827–2006.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab], no longer in use. Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], used in Bulgaria. Greek script [Grek], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn], used since 1928 or 1929, primary usage.

Other Comments

Muslim.

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